Bariatric Surgery for Weight Loss Results
The number of people who undergo bariatric procedures to lose weight has increased dramatically over the last decade. The safety of these bariatric surgeries has also improved significantly.
This is possible because both lap band and gastric bypass procedures are now being performed via a laproscope. . The increase in safety has led to more patients being willing to undergo bariatric weight loss procedures. At the same time there is evidence that chronic illnesses including diabetes, hypertension and sleep apnea can be reduced significantly in those who undergo bariatric procedures.
After these procedures, however, patients can be left with extensive and loose sagging skin over the tummy, breasts, arms, thighs and buttock. Over the last decade, surgeons have come up with techniques to improve the outcome of bariatric surgery.
If you have undergone bariatric surgery and want to get back to the body you envisioned before surgery, you could be a candidate for body contouring. To learn more about our body contouring surgeries, read more here.
Types of Bariatric Surgery
Considered the ‘gold standard’ of weight loss procedures, a gastric bypass involves two components. First, a small stomach pouch is created by dividing the top of the stomach from the rest of the stomach. Then, the first part of the small intestine is divided and the bottom end of this divided intestine brought up and connected to the new small stomach pouch. The procedure is completed by connecting the top part of the divided intesting to the small intestine further down. This ensures that stomach acid and digestive enzymes from the now-bypassed stomach and first portion of the small intestine will eventually mix with the food.
Like most bariatric procedures, the gastric bypass “works” because the new stomach pouch is much smaller and allows for much smaller meals – meaning less calories consumed. Additionally, because there is less digestion, there is less absorption of calories and nutrients. The rerouting of food digestion also creates changes in gut hormones, suppressing hunger.
Often called “the sleeve,” this procedure is performed by removing approximately 80 percent of the stomach. What this leaves is a small, tubular pouch resembling a banana. This new pouch holds much less volume, reducing the amount of food that can be consumed. This surgery also affects gut hormones that can affect many factors, including hunger and blood sugar control. The sleeve is as effective as the gastric bypass in terms of weight loss and can improve type 2 diabetes.
Adjustable Gastric Band
Often called “the band,” this procedure involves placing an inflatable band around the upper part of the stomach, creating a small pouch above the band, and the rest of the stomach below the band.
With the smaller stomach pouch, eating only a small amount of food will satisfy hunger and make you feel full. How full you feel after eating depends on the size of the opening between the pouch and the rest of the stomach. The size of this opening can be adjusted by filling the band with sterile saline. Reducing the size of the opening is done gradually over time, with repeated “fills.” There is no malabsorption – the food is digested and absorbed as it normally would be.
The clinical effect is that the band reduces hunger, helping patients decrease the number of calories they consume.
If you’re interested in seeing what the results of these surgeries could look like for you, we offer the state-of-the-art 3D OCULUS technology, which allows you to virtually “try out” your new look before surgery. Since every individual is different, it can be hard to get an idea of how your body will respond to surgery. But with the 3D OCULUS, now you can. For more information about the 3D OCULUS, click here.